Saturday, May 17, 2014

Covertress Has Left The Dock

Vacation?  No, just paying some bills. I'll be back when I can. Thanks for reading. - c


Thank you.

Thank you, J.B.!
Thank you, S.S.!

Friday, May 16, 2014

Jimmy Buffett - Son of a Son of a Sailor

Off the 1978 album of the same name.

As the son of a son of a sailor
I went out on the sea for adventure
Expanding the view of the captain and crew
Like a man just released from indenture

As a dreamer of dreams and a travelin' man
I have chalked up many a mile
Read dozens of books about heroes and crooks
And I learned much from both of their styles

Son of a son, son of a son
Son of a son of a sailor
Son of a gun, load the last ton
One step ahead of the jailer

Now away in the near future
Southeast of disorder
You can shake the hand of the mango man
As he greats you at the border

And the lady she hails from Trinidad
Island of the spices
Salt for your meat, and cinnamon sweet
And the rum is for all your good vices

Haul the sheet in as we ride on the wind
That our forefathers harnessed before us
Hear the bells ring as the tight rigging sings
Its a son of a gun of a chorus

Where it all ends I can't fathom my friends
If I knew I might toss out my anchor
So I cruise along always searchin' for songs
Not a lawyer a thief or a banker

But a son of a son, son of a son
Son of a son of a sailor
Son of a gun, load the last ton
One step ahead of the jailer

I'm just a son of a son, son of a son
Son of a son of a sailor
The seas in my veins, my tradition remains
I'm just glad I don't live in a trailer

Wednesday, May 14, 2014

Covertress Mid-Week - Weather, News, Entertainment

covertress, catching you up mid-week... source

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VR To - Stolen Nuclear Material Heading Into US

The US Strategic Command, the agency responsible for country's nuclear arsenal, will hold large-scale war games this week that will include 10 B-52 Stratofortresses and up to six B-2 Spirit bombers, along with other military and government agencies.


Russia Holds Drill To Repel Nuclear Strike

Russia Flew Near California In Upped Activity

Russian Air Carrier Sails Into English Channel

Russia Bans US From Using Space Station?!

Ukraine Army Warned To Leave Or Face War

WTF?!? Hunter Biden To Ukraine Gas Board?

FYI - US May Have A Terrorist 'Hands Off' List

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Self-styled revolutionary patriots plan to converge on Washington, D.C., this week to drive President Barack Obama and disloyal lawmakers out of office.

"We are calling for the removal of Barack Obama, Joe Biden, Harry Reid, Mitch McConnell, John Boehner, Nancy Pelosi, and Eric Holder as a start toward constitutional restoration," said retired Army Col. Harry Riley, leader of the Operation American Spring protest group. "They have all abandoned the US Constitution, are unworthy to be retained in a position that calls for servant status."


Anyone Attending Please Read

Student Punished For Refusing To Stand

Tactical Firearms Sign Has People Talking

Texans Draw A Line In The Sand Over BLM

Utah Lawmaker Moves To Disarm BLM / IRS

Michelle Obama Goes Anti-Drone Campaign

Tenebroust Michelle Rant (Language Warning)

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Meanwhile, in Russia...

BOOKING and contacts -
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cast - Sergey Mezentsev, Victor Murzikov
director/edit - Sergey Mezentsev
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Back to work... source

Monday, May 12, 2014

Too Easy to End the World

Photos via

Five years ago the world was given a frightening glimpse into what will happen unless we reduce the number of redundant satellites in space when a working telecommunications satellite built by the US firm Iridium was struck by a defunct Russian Kosmos satellite. The computer models predicted the satellites would pass with half a kilometre of each other. Instead the collision, which took place at 26,000 miles per hour, created more 1,000 extra pieces of debris larger than 10cm – which are still causing problems to this day.

Given the carnage that can be unleashed by a collision, the array of redundant satellites provides an opportunity for malignant hackers looking to cause mayhem for strategic or anarchic reasons.
Mark Roberts, who pioneered the introduction of cyber elements into the war games that the MoD runs, hypothesised a scenario in which hackers take control of one or multiple redundant satellites and use them to crash into more vital ones.

"There are lots of satellites in orbit at the moment that have been taken off line," he explained. "They still have propulsion, they have the ability to be restarted. Somebody particularly nasty could hack one of these things and then start to manoeuvre it."

One Nasa scientist – Donald Kessler – even predicted a single large collision could produce enough debris to create a cascading effect where future collisions increase exponentially – making space travel and satellites impossible for a generation.

While the military has long prepared for the possibility of operating without GPS, emergency services are now beginning to consider having to do their jobs in such circumstances. Chief Superintendent Jim Hammond, from the Association of Chief Police Officers, warned that a 24-hour stoppage in GPS data within London would quickly have knock-on effects on transport, City trading as well as the emergency services' ability to communicate with or locate tagged criminals.

"The art of looking at a map is being forgotten," he said. "The rush hour might go from one to three hours."

Probably best not to throw away your A to Z maps just yet.

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Hacking Satellite
By Jim Geovedi and Raditya Iryandi of Bella Asia Pacific

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Real-Time Satellite Tracking

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When space is like a mousetrap:

...a single large collision could produce enough debris to create a cascading effect where future collisions increase exponentially...

Sunday, May 11, 2014

Transmutation: Making Wastes Nonradioactive

Partitioning and Transmutation: Making Wastes Nonradioactive 

By Gordon E. Michaels, Chemical Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

The word transmutation originates from the never-realized goal of ancient alchemists to transform, or transmute, the base metals into gold. Today scientists seek ways to transmute radioactive waste into nonradioactive elements, thereby eliminating the radiological hazards and waste disposal problems.

In accelerator transmutation of waste, an intense source of neutrons transmutes long-lived radioisotopes in less harmful waste.

An example of two radioactive isotopes that can be transmuted into less hazardous forms are technetium-99 and iodine-129. Both of these isotopes are very long-lived and require disposal strategies that will isolate them from the environment for long periods of time. Both iodine and technetium are considered difficult to isolate because they dissolve readily in groundwater and move easily throughout the ecosystem. Irradiation of the long-lived technetium-99 isotope by neutrons will cause it to absorb a neutron and become technetium-100, which undergoes complete radioactive decay into stable ruthenium within minutes. Similarly, the iodine-129 isotope can be transformed by neutron absorption into stable xenon isotopes.

Another class of radioactive wastes that can be transmuted into less hazardous forms are the actinide elements, particularly the isotopes of plutonium, neptunium, americium, and curium. When irradiated with neutrons in a nuclear reactor, these isotopes can be made to undergo nuclear fission, destroying the original actinide isotope and producing a spectrum of radioactive and nonradioactive fission products. Isotopes of plutonium and other actinides tend to be long-lived with half-lives of many thousands of years, whereas radioactive fission products tend to be shorter-lived (most with half-lives of 30 years or less). From a waste management viewpoint, transmutation of actinides eliminates a long-term radioactive hazard while producing a shorter-term radioactive hazard instead.

A challenging aspect of this waste management strategy is the required waste partitioning. Just as household wastes must be partitioned into categories, such as paper, glass, and aluminum, before they are recycled, radioactive waste must also be sorted before being recycled back into nuclear reactors.

One particularly challenging partitioning task involves the actinide and lanthanide (rare earth) elements. Actinide and lanthanide elements are chemically similar and, thus, very difficult to separate efficiently. Most lanthanide isotopes are nonradioactive, and the few radioactive lanthanide isotopes are long-lived, so there is little incentive to invest neutrons in transforming them into stable elements. However, lanthanide elements tend to absorb neutrons efficiently (they are so-called neutron poisons) and will prevent the efficient transmutation of americium and curium if they are intermixed. Improved methods of separating lanthanides from actinides are needed to reach the goal of actinide transmutation.

The largest program at ORNL focusing on partitioning and transmutation is investigating methods for accelerator transmutation of wastes (ATW). Conceived by scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory, ATW uses a linear accelerator system to produce neutrons for transmutation of excess weapons plutonium and other radioactive DOE wastes, such as technetium-99 and iodine-129. Activity at ORNL is centered on developing chemical separations technology, including processes for performing actinide-lanthanide separations, and on studying, designing, and ultimately testing the reactorlike flow loops in which the transmutation occurs.

A second program is developing technology for using a nuclear reactor to transmute the actinides in spent nuclear fuel from light-water reactors (LWRs). This program offers an alternative to direct disposal of LWR fuel in geological repositories. ORNL researchers are developing techniques for the front-end processing of LWR fuel to prepare it for introduction into the chemical partitioning system and are examining wasteform technologies for immobilizing some of the unique waste streams produced during the partitioning process. Additionally, we have performed several studies to characterize the benefits and disadvantages of recycling spent nuclear fuel.

Recently, interest at ORNL has turned inward to see whether partition-ing and transmutation offer any near-term advantages for management of some of our own radioactive wastes. Transmutation of highly radioactive europium isotope wastes (currently stored at ORNL solid waste area groups) into nonradioactive gadolinium isotopes appears to be practical and is being studied further. These europium wastes pose the dominant health risk to the public in certain environmental scenarios, and their elimination might be beneficial to the Laboratory. As proposed, the transmutation device would be the High Flux Isotope Reactor or the proposed Advanced Neutron Source. The physical and chemical partitioning of the radioactive europium from nonradioactive europium and gadolinium represents a key technology that must be developed for this task.

Ultimately, the potential of partitioning and transmutation to waste management is this: If a radioactive waste stream no longer exists, then it poses no radiological hazard. More than anything else, this simple fact has spurred the recent resurgence of interest in partitioning-transmutation technology.


Related Story: Accumulation Of Nuclear Waste Turning Into Atomic Time Bomb

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"The sky calls to us. If we do not destroy ourselves, we will one day venture to the stars." -- Carl Sagan

Related Story: The Nuclear Winter by Carl Sagan